• China to the North, Indian states of Arunachal, Sikkim, West Bengal, and Assam to its East, West and South
  • Area: 38,394 sq km
  • Latitudes 26°N and 29°N, and longitudes 88°E and 93°E
  • Population: 0.75 million
  • Capital City: Thimphu
  • Currency: Ngultrum (NU.)
  • Forest Cover: 72.5% of the total landmass
  • Local time: 6 hours ahead of GMT
  • National Language: Dzongkha


  • Subtropical in the South with hot and humid summers and cool winters
  • Temperate in the midlands with warm summers and cold winters
  • Polar-type climate in the north with permanent snow all year round.


  • Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot
  • Rarest plants, animals and bird species on earth some of which are critically endangered including the White-bellied heron and Royal Bengal Tiger.
  • Environmental conservation is driven by stringent policies and belief systems.


  • Bhutan’s economy is based on agriculture, hydropower and tourism with a few mining and manufacturing sectors.
  • GDP per capita as of USD 2611


  • Three main ethic groups of Ngalops (Western Bhutanese), Sharchops (Eastern Bhutanese and Lhotshampas (People of Nepalese origin)
  • Dzongkha is the national language spoken throughout Bhutan
  • Most people are bilingual with English being the second widely spoken language
  • Men wear ghos (a knee length robe tied at the waist with a large pouch) and women wear kiras (ankle length dress) for all formal occasions.

Gross National Happiness

  • The philosophy of Gross National Happiness (GNH) is a paradigm shift in human development thinking and practice coined by His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan. It embraces cultural heritage, spiritual wellbeing, good governance and environmental sustainability over Gross Domestic Product. There are nine domains and seventy-two indicators that measure development in Bhutan. The whole thing is even hosted under a government institution titled the Happiness Commission.

Where on earth is Bhutan?

Gross National Happiness